04.A Glossary of legal terms

EmployerA person or entity which hires the services or work of another (employed; not freelancing)
EmployeeA person who is hired for a wage, salary, fee or payment to perform work for an employer (not freelancing)
FreelancerA person who works independently for another person or company (not employed).
Trade unionOr a labor union, often simply referred to as a union, is an organisation of workers who have come together to achieve common goals, such as working conditions and saleries, through negotiations with employers or their associations.
TripartiteTerm used in the field of labour law a.o., when the three parties state, employer and trade unions are involved.
Collective agreementA written contract negotiated through collective bargaining for employees by one or more trade unions with the management of a company or with an employers’ association that regulates the terms and conditions of employees at work.
Dispositive LawContractual rules that only apply if the parties have not agreed otherwise.
ClickjobWork that someone does by signing up for it on a digital platform (e.g. Uber; cp. chapter 04.06 04.06 Uber Case – International legal qualification of «clickworkers»)
ConventionTerm for an intergovernmental agreement (agreement between governments or countries) (e.g. at the ILO, cp. chapter 04.03 International Labour Organiziation)
Collective bargainingProcess of negotiation between employers and trade unions aimed at agreements to regulate working salaries, working conditions, benefits, and other aspects of workers’ compensation and rights for workers.